Buddhism

Non-theist religions such as Buddhism, by contrast, often have a different view of the world and mankind’s place in it, from theist religions. There is no God to impart life and whose laws might be broken by science. Buddhists believe that the creation of life is not a fixed or unequivocal process. “Buddhism teaches that life may come into being in a variety of ways, of which sexual reproduction is but one, so sexual reproduction has no divinely sanctioned priority over other modes of procreation,” explained Keown. Life can therefore begin in many ways and, theologically, cloning would not be seen as a problematic technology. Furthermore, in contrast to other mainstream religions, Buddhists regard human individuality as an illusion or mirage. Cloning would therefore not threaten or devalue the personality or character of an individual. As with most religions, Buddhism’s view on using stem cells from embryos is not definate. Strong value is placed on respecting every living being, including fertilised embryos that are used for, or originate in, research activities.