Key Facts – Embryo and the Law

 

Human Fertilization and Embryology Act 1990

Human Fertilization and Embryology Act 2008

Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001

Surrogacy Arrangements Act 1985

The Foetus

 

HFEA 1990

Activities that require a license: Prohibited Activities: Parentage:  

HFEA 2008

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis is only to be used if:

(a) establishing whether the embryo has a gene, chromosome or mitochondrion abnormality that may affect its capacity to result in a live birth, and/or: (b) in a case where there is a particular risk that the embryo may have any gene, chromosome or mitochondrion abnormality, establishing whether it has that abnormality or any other gene, chromosome or mitochondrion abnormality.

Sex selection is permissible where there is a particular risk that any resulting child will have or develop: Saviour siblings via PGD with tissue typing where the older sibling suffers: Storage of gametes and ebryos:  

Human Reproductive Cloning Act 2001

A licence for stem cell research can be granted for work that will:  

Surrogacy Arrangments Act 1985

No surrogacy arrangement is enforceable by or against any persons making it.

The Foetus

The foetus has imprecise status under English law.